AIDS, standing for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the final stage of infection with the HIV virus. AIDS usually has an incubation period of many years after HIV infection, before the more severe symptoms of AIDS arise. HIV is spread by sexual contact and by blood. It was once an ...

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Introduction: AIDS

HIV is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight ...1

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Symptoms of AIDS

What are the symptoms of HIV/AIDS? People with an HIV infection experience different symptoms in the early and late stages of infection. Mostly, these symptoms are the same in women and men, but some symptoms are unique to women ...2

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Complications of AIDS

People with AIDS are at great risk of getting very sick from diseases that don't normally affect healthy people. These include viral infections that cause skin tumors and pneumonia, fungal infections of the mouth, lungs, and genitals, and certain cancers ...3

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Causes of AIDS

How does HIV cause AIDS? HIV destroys vital cells of the immune system, called CD4+ T cells. Once enough of these cells are destroyed, the person is considered to have AIDS. This means that the person's immune system has weakened ...4

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Causes List for AIDS

Some possible causes of AIDS or similar disorders may include:5

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Diagnosis of AIDS

How Do I Get Tested for HIV? A small blood sample, mouth swab, or urine sample is used to test people for HIV. It can take as long as 3 to 6 months after the infection for the virus to ...6

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Risk Factors for AIDS

“In recent years, the number of young people in the U.S. diagnosed with AIDS rose substantially,” said Dr. Nora Volkow, director of NIH’s National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). “And because drug use encourages risky behaviors that can ...7

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Treatments: AIDS

Is there any treatment? No single treatment can cure the neurological complications of AIDS. Some disorders require aggressive therapy while others are treated symptomatically. Medicines range from analgesics sold over the counter to antiepileptic drugs, opiates, corticosteroids, and some classes ...8

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Prevention of AIDS

AIDS can be prevented by early initiation of antiretroviral therapy in those with HIV infection. ...Source: NICHD (NIH)9 ...

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Research for AIDS

As the leading U.S. government institute for HIV/AIDS research, NIAID is committed to conducting the research necessary to successfully end the fight against HIV/AIDS. ...Source: NIAID (NIH)10 ...

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Names and Terminology

The terms HIV and AIDS can be confusing, because they’re related but different. HIV is a virus that harms your immune system by invading ...11

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  1. Source: CDC: hiv/ basics/ whatishiv.html
  2. Source: NICHD (NIH): health/ topics/ hiv/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ symptoms.aspx
  3. Source: NICHD (NIH): health/ topics/ hiv/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ default.aspx
  4. ibid.
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NIA (NIH): health/ hiv-aids-and-older-people
  7. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): 2006/ December/ docs/ 01features_02.htm
  8. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ aids/ aids.htm
  9. Source: NICHD (NIH): health/ topics/ stds/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ types.aspx
  10. Source: NIAID (NIH): diseases-conditions/ hivaids
  11. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ jun2015/ feature1

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