Bronchiolitis is an inflammation or infection of the bronchioles (airways in the lungs) that can be very serious. It is not to be confused with “bronchitis”, which is a different inflammation of the “bronchi” in the lungs. Bronchiolitis can be difficult to diagnose because it is less common than other ...

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Introduction: Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles. Bronchiolitis is frequently caused by viral infection of the lungs. ...Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH)1 ...

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Symptoms of Bronchiolitis

The early symptoms of bronchiolitis are similar to those of a common cold, such as a runny nose and cough. Further symptoms then usually develop over the next few days, including:

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Complications of Bronchiolitis

About 2-3% of babies who develop bronchiolitis during the first year of life will need to be admitted to hospital because they develop more serious symptoms, such as breathing difficulties. This is more common in premature babies (born before ...2

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Causes of Bronchiolitis

What causes bronchiolitis? Bronchiolitis is caused by a virus known as the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is spread through tiny droplets of liquid from the coughs or sneezes of someone who's infected. The infection causes the smallest airways in ...3

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Causes List for Bronchiolitis

Some possible causes of Bronchiolitis or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Bronchiolitis

Some types of this condition may include:5 Types of Bronchiolitis:

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Diagnosis of Bronchiolitis

Diagnosis: Contact your GP if your child has symptoms of bronchiolitis. A diagnosis is usually based on the symptoms and an examination of your child's breathing. Your GP will ask about your child's symptoms - for example, whether they've had ...6

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Treatments: Bronchiolitis

Treating bronchiolitis There's no medication to kill the virus that causes bronchiolitis, but the infection usually clears up within two weeks without the need for treatment. Most children can be cared for at home in the same way that you'd ...7

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Prevention of Bronchiolitis

Preventing bronchiolitis It's very difficult to prevent bronchiolitis, but there are steps you can take to reduce your child's risk of catching it and help prevent the virus spreading. You should:

  • wash your hands and your child's hands frequently
  • wash ...
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  1. Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH): cms/ rld/ Learn-More/ Glossary
  2. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ Bronchiolitis/ 
  3. ibid.
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  6. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ bronchiolitis/ diagnosis/ 
  7. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ Bronchiolitis/ 

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.