Burns are injuries to the exposed skin or other membranes such as the mouth or throat (swallowed burns). Types include thermal burns (heat or fire), scalds, chemical burns, acid burns, cold burns, and so on. Note that “burning sensation” is a different issue entirely. ...

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Introduction: Burns

A burn is damage to your body's tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight, or radiation. Scalds from hot liquids and steam, building fires and flammable liquids and gases are the most common causes of burns. Another kind is an ...1

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Symptoms of Burns

Burns can be very painful and may cause:

The amount of pain you feel isn't always related to how serious the burn is. Even a very serious burn may be ...2

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Complications of Burns

How does the body react to a severe burn? The swelling and blistering characteristic of burns is caused by the loss of fluid from damaged blood vessels. In severe cases, such fluid loss can cause shock. Burns often lead to ...3

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Causes of Burns

  • Younger children are more likely to be burned by hot liquids or steam.
  • Older children are more likely to be burned from direct contact with fire.

Source: NICHD (NIH)4 ...

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Causes List for Burns

Some possible causes of Burns or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Burns

  • First-degree burns affect only the outer layer (the epidermis) of the skin.
  • Second-degree burns damage the epidermis and the layer beneath it (the dermis).
  • Third-degree burns involve damage or complete destruction of the skin to its full ...
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Treatments: Burns

How are burns treated? In many cases, topical antibiotics (skin creams or ointments) are used to prevent infection. For third-degree burns and some second-degree ones, immediate blood transfusion and/or extra fluids are needed to maintain blood pressure ...6

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Prevention of Burns

You can take steps to avoid household burns. Never leave cooking food unattended on the stove. Set your water heater’s thermostat to 120 °F or lower to prevent scalding burns. And install smoke alarms on every floor of your ...7

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Research for Burns

How has basic research improved burn care? Remarkable improvements in burn care have resulted from basic research funded by the National Institutes of Health. The results have led to the best approaches for fluid resuscitation, wound cleaning, skin replacement, infection control ...8

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  1. Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ burns.html
  2. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ Burns-and-scalds/ 
  3. Source: NIGMS (NIH): nigms.nih.gov/ education/ pages/ Factsheet_Burns.aspx
  4. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ pediatric/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ causes.aspx
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NIGMS (NIH): nigms.nih.gov/ education/ pages/ Factsheet_Burns.aspx
  7. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ dec2013/ feature2
  8. Source: NIGMS (NIH): nigms.nih.gov/ education/ pages/ Factsheet_Burns.aspx

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.