Croup is an inflammation of the airways, usually caused by a viral infection. The hallmark symptom of croup is a “barking cough” but there are also other causes of barking cough (see Misdiagnosis of Croup). Croup is usually a mild and self-limiting infection, but in some cases it can
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Croup is an inflammation of the vocal cords (larynx) and windpipe (trachea). It causes difficulty breathing, a barking cough, and a hoarse voice. The cause is usually a virus, often parainfluenza virus. Other causes include allergies and reflux.
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Symptoms of Croup
If your child has croup, they’ll probably have the symptoms of a cold for a few days, then develop a seal-like barky cough, hoarseness and noisy breathing.
...Source: New Zealand Health2
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Complications of Croup
Specific Causes of Croup
Human parainfluenza viruses: HPIV types 1 to 4 can cause a full spectrum of respiratory illness, including the common cold, croup, and severe lower respiratory tract illness, such as bronchitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
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Causes List for Croup
Some possible causes of Croup or similar disorders may include:5
- Parainfluenza virus (croup)
- Secondary smoke (croup)
- Smoking-related Disorders (croup)
- Smoking (croup)
- Spasmodic croup (type of croup)
Types of Croup
- This begins with a cold that develops into a barky cough.
- The child’s airway will swell, making breathing noisy and more difficult.
- Your child may have a temperature ...
The classic symptom of croup is known as a “barking cough”. However, a barking cough can be caused by a number of other respiratory infections as well. The differential diagnosis for Croup can include diseases such as:
- Common cold. A ...
- If your child is upset, cuddle them in your lap and try to keep them calm (reading them a story might help). If they’re upset, it can make their breathing worse.
- If they have a sore throat ...
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- Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ croup.html
- Source: New Zealand Health: health.govt.nz/ your-health/ conditions-and-treatments/ diseases-and-illnesses/ croup
- Source: GOV.UK: gov.uk/ guidance/ human-parainfluenza-viruses-clinical-and-public-health-management
- Source: Algorithmically Generated List
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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.