HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is the retrovirus that causes AIDS. The initial infection with HIV causes a short viral infection with flu-like symptoms, followed by a latency period that may last many years. The last phase of severe immunodeficiency is AIDS. Modern medicine has a number of ...

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Introduction: HIV

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It weakens a person’s immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. No effective cure exists for HIV. But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. Some groups of ...1

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Symptoms of HIV

What are the symptoms of HIV/AIDS? People with an HIV infection experience different symptoms in the early and late stages of infection. Mostly, these symptoms are the same in women and men, but some symptoms are unique to women ...2

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Complications of HIV

Untreated HIV/AIDS increases risk for several types of rare cancers, including lymphomas, sarcomas, and cervical cancer.2 ...Source: NICHD (NIH)3 ...

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Causes of HIV

INFECTIOUS AGENT: HIV, a single-stranded, positive-sense, enveloped RNA virus in the genus Lentivirus. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20164 ...

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Causes List for HIV

Some possible causes of HIV or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of HIV

Types may include:6

    Types of HIV:
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Diagnosis of HIV

When it comes to treatment and prevention, Dieffenbach says, “the most important activity that you can engage in is first getting an HIV test.” Your health care provider, community health clinic, and others may offer quick HIV tests, often at ...7

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Risk Factors for HIV

There are gender, race, and ethnicity disparities in new HIV infections.2

  • Nearly 75 percent of new HIV infections occur in men.
  • More than half occur in gay and bisexual men, regardless of race or ethnicity.
  • Forty-five percent of ...
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Treatments: HIV

People getting care for HIV can receive:

Source: Healthy People (DHHS)8 ...

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Prevention of HIV

HIV is a preventable disease. Effective HIV prevention interventions have been proven to reduce HIV transmission. People who get tested for HIV and learn that they are infected can make significant behavior changes to improve their health and reduce the ...9

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Research for HIV

HIV Therapy Promising in First Human Study: Just one dose of an experimental antibody significantly reduced HIV levels in infected people for up to 28 days. This promising approach, called immunotherapy, might help to combat many strains of HIV, the ...10

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Names and Terminology

The terms HIV and AIDS can be confusing, because they’re related but different. HIV is a virus that harms your immune system by invading ...11

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  1. Source: CDC: hiv/ basics/ index.html
  2. Source: NICHD (NIH): health/ topics/ hiv/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ symptoms.aspx
  3. Source: NICHD (NIH): health/ topics/ stds/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ cancer.aspx
  4. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ hiv-infection
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  7. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ jun2015/ feature1
  8. Source: Healthy People (DHHS): 2020/ topics-objectives/ topic/ hiv
  9. ibid.
  10. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ may2015/ capsule1
  11. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ jun2015/ feature1

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.