Hypotonia is a medical term used to describe decreased muscle tone. Normally, even when relaxed, muscles have a very small amount of contraction that gives them a springy feel and provides some resistance to passive movement. It is not the ...1

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Symptoms of Hypotonia

Infants with hypotonia have a floppy quality or “rag doll” appearance because their arms and legs hang by their sides and they have little or no head control. Other symptoms of hypotonia include problems with mobility and posture, breathing and ...2

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Causes of Hypotonia

Hypotonia can happen from damage to the brain, spinal cord, nerves, or muscles. The damage can be the result of trauma, environmental factors, or genetic, muscle, or central nervous system disorders. For example, it can be seen in Down syndrome ...3

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Causes List for Hypotonia

Some possible causes of Hypotonia or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Hypotonia

Some types of this condition may include:5 Types of Hypotonia:

  • Benign Congenital Hypotonia
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Diagnosis of Hypotonia

Treatment begins with a thorough diagnostic evaluation, usually performed by a neurologist, including an assessment of motor and sensory skills, balance and coordination, mental status, reflexes, and functioning of the nerves. Diagnostic tests that may be helpful include a CT ...6

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Treatments: Hypotonia

Is there any treatment? Once a diagnosis has been made, the underlying condition is treated first, followed by symptomatic and supportive therapy for the hypotonia. Physical therapy can improve motor control and overall body strength. Occupational therapy can help relearn ...7

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Research for Hypotonia

What research is being done? The NINDS supports research on conditions that can result from neurological disorders, such as hypotonia. Much of this research is aimed at learning more about these conditions and finding ways to prevent and treat them ...8

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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ hypotonia/ hypotonia.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ hypertonia/ hypertonia.htm
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  6. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ hypotonia/ hypotonia.htm
  7. ibid.
  8. ibid.

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