Microcephaly is a birth defect where a baby’s head is smaller than expected when compared to babies of the same sex and age. Babies with microcephaly often have smaller brains that might not have developed properly. Microcephaly is a ...1

... More on Microcephaly »

Symptoms of Microcephaly

Infants with microcephaly are born with either a normal or reduced head size. Subsequently the head fails to grow while the face continues to develop at a normal rate, producing a child with a small head, a large face, a ...2

... More Symptoms of Microcephaly »

Complications of Microcephaly

Other Problems: Babies with microcephaly can have a range of other problems, depending on how severe their microcephaly is. Microcephaly has been linked with the following problems:

... More on Complications of Microcephaly »

Causes of Microcephaly

Pregnant women infected with Zika virus can pass the infection onto their babies during pregnancy or around the time of birth. During fetal development, Zika virus can cause a serious birth defect of the brain called microcephaly, a condition in ...3

... More Causes of Microcephaly »

Causes List for Microcephaly

Some possible causes of Microcephaly or similar disorders may include:4

... Full Causes List for Microcephaly »

Types of Microcephaly

What is severe microcephaly? Severe microcephaly is a more serious, extreme form of this condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than expected. Severe microcephaly can result because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy ...5

... More Types of Microcephaly »

Diagnosis of Microcephaly

Diagnosis: Microcephaly can be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. During Pregnancy During pregnancy, microcephaly can sometimes be diagnosed with an ultrasound test (which creates pictures of the body). To see microcephaly during pregnancy, the ultrasound test ...6

... More on Diagnosis of Microcephaly »

Treatments: Microcephaly

Generally there is no specific treatment for microcephaly. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. In general, life expectancy for individuals with microcephaly is reduced and the prognosis for normal brain function is poor. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)7 ...

... More Treatment Information for Microcephaly »

Prevention of Microcephaly

CDC continues to study birth defects, such as microcephaly, and how to prevent them. If you are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, talk with your doctor about ways to increase your chances of having a healthy baby. ...Source: CDC ...8

... Prevention of Microcephaly »

Research for Microcephaly

What research is being done? The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), one of several institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), conducts and funds research aimed at understanding normal brain development, as well as disease-related ...9

... More on Research for Microcephaly »

Names and Terminology

Related Diseases: The following diseases are related to Microcephaly. If you have a question about any of these diseases, you can contact GARD.

... More General Information on Microcephaly »

   •   •   •


  1. Source: CDC NCBDDD: cdc.gov/ ncbddd/ birthdefects/ microcephaly.html
  2. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ cephalic_disorders/ detail_cephalic_disorders.htm
  3. Source: NIAID (NIH): niaid.nih.gov/ diseases-conditions/ why-niaid-researches-zika
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: CDC NCBDDD: cdc.gov/ ncbddd/ birthdefects/ microcephaly.html
  6. ibid.
  7. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ cephalic_disorders/ detail_cephalic_disorders.htm
  8. Source: CDC NCBDDD: cdc.gov/ ncbddd/ birthdefects/ microcephaly.html
  9. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ microcephaly/ microcephaly.htm

   •   •   •

Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.