Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is viral respiratory illness that was recently recognized in humans. It was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and has since spread to several other countries, including the United States. Most people identified as ...1

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Symptoms of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

At present, MERS should be considered in travelers who develop fever and pneumonia within 14 days after traveling from countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula or who have close contact with such travelers. Practitioners should be aware that regions ...2

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Complications of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

In addition to acute and often severe respiratory compromise, serious complications of MERS include cardiovascular collapse and acute renal injury. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20163 ...

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Causes of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Both MERS and SARS belong to a family of viruses called coronaviruses. ...Source: NIAID (NIH)4 ...

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Causes List for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Some possible causes of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or similar disorders may include:5

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Diagnosis of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

DIAGNOSIS: Several diagnostic assays have been developed to detect acute infection with MERS coronavirus, including real-time RT-PCR. Lower respiratory specimens (sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, endotracheal aspirates) are the priority respiratory specimens for testing, although upper and lower respiratory, stool ...6

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Risk Factors for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Based on what researchers know so far, people with pre-existing medical conditions (also called comorbidities) may be more likely to become infected with MERS-CoV, or have a severe case. Pre-existing conditions from reported cases for which we ...7

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Treatments: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

TREATMENT: No specific antiviral treatment is available. Treatment is limited to supportive care. Standard, contact, and airborne infection control precautions are recommended for hospitalized patients with known or suspected MERS. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20168 ...

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Prevention of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

PREVENTION: No vaccine or preventive drug is available. CDC recommends that travelers practice general hygiene precautions such as frequent handwashing; avoiding touching the eyes, nose, and mouth; and avoiding contact with sick people. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers certain ...9

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Research for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Why is the study of MERS and SARS a priority for NIAID? In 2003, a novel coronavirus emerged from China and swept across the globe, causing deadly illness. More than 8,000 people fell ill with severe acute respiratory syndrome ...10

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References

  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ coronavirus/ mers/ index.html
  2. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ the-pre-travel-consultation/ respiratory-infections
  3. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers
  4. Source: NIAID (NIH): niaid.nih.gov/ diseases-conditions/ mers-and-sars
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers
  7. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ coronavirus/ mers/ about/ symptoms.html
  8. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers
  9. ibid.
  10. Source: NIAID (NIH): niaid.nih.gov/ diseases-conditions/ mers-and-sars

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