Monilethrix is a condition that affects hair growth. Its most characteristic feature is that individual strands of hair have a beaded appearance like the beads of a necklace. The name monilethrix comes from the Latin word for necklace (monile) and ...1

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Symptoms of Monilethrix

Symptoms: The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. Signs and Symptoms

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Causes of Monilethrix

Cause: The cause of monilethrix remains unclear. To date, whether monilethrix is a disorder of the function or structure of the hair has not been determined. Some genetic studies suggest that monilethrix is likely caused by a mutation (change in ...2

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Types of Monilethrix

Some types of this condition may include:3 Types of monilethrix:

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Diagnosis of Monilethrix

Diagnosis: Yes. The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact ...4

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Genetics of Monilethrix

Genetic Changes: Monilethrix is caused by mutations in one of several genes. Mutations in the KRT81 gene, the KRT83 gene, the KRT86 gene, or the DSG4 gene account for most cases of monilethrix . These genes provide instructions for making proteins ...5

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Treatments: Monilethrix

Treatment: Unfortunately, the is no cure for monilethrix. Some patients have reported spontaneous improvement, particularly during puberty and pregnancy, but the condition rarely disappears completely.[1, 2] While there is no recognized definitive treatment for monilethrix, oral acitretin and topical ...6

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for This Condition

Source: GHR (NLM/NIH)7 ...

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  1. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): condition/ monilethrix
  2. Source: GARD (NIH): diseases/ 93/ monilethrix
  3. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  4. Source: GARD (NIH): diseases/ 93/ monilethrix
  5. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): condition/ monilethrix
  6. Source: GARD (NIH): diseases/ 93/ monilethrix
  7. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): condition/ monilethrix

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