Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) commonly cause respiratory illnesses in infants and young children. But anyone can get HPIV illness. Symptoms may include fever, runny nose, and cough. Patients usually recover on their own. However, HPIVs can also cause more severe
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Symptoms of Parainfluenza virus
Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) commonly cause upper and lower respiratory illnesses in infants and young children, but anyone can get infected. After you get infected, it takes about 2 to 7 days before you develop symptoms.
Symptoms of upper respiratory illness
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Complications of Parainfluenza virus
HPIV infections may also cause more severe diseases especially among the elderly and among patients who are immunocompromised. HPIV infections are important causes of mortality among immunocompromised patients (1, 2, 3).
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Types of Parainfluenza virus
Different Types of HPIVs
- HPIV-1 and HPIV-2 both cause croup, with HPIV-1 most often identified as the cause in children. Both can also cause upper and lower respiratory illness, and cold-like symptoms.
- HPIV-3 is more ...
Treatments: Parainfluenza virus
Treatment and prevention
No specific antiviral is presently licensed for treatment of HPIV.
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Prevention of Parainfluenza virus
In outbreak and cluster settings, to prevent onward transmission, strict attention to infection control measures such as hand washing and wearing protective equipments should decrease or prevent spread of infection.
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- Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ parainfluenza/ index.html
- Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ parainfluenza/ about/ symptoms.html
- Source: GOV.UK: gov.uk/ guidance/ human-parainfluenza-viruses-clinical-and-public-health-management
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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.