Pneumococcal disease

Pneumococcal [noo-muh-KOK-uhl] disease is caused by a bacterium known as Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus. Pneumococcal infections can range from ear and sinus infections to pneumonia and bloodstream infections. Children younger than 2 years old are among those ...1

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Symptoms of Pneumococcal disease

CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Pneumococcal pneumonia classically presents with sudden onset of fever and malaise, cough, pleuritic chest pain, or purulent or blood-tinged sputum. In the elderly, fever, shortness of breath, or altered mental status may be initial symptoms. Pneumococcal meningitis ...2

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Complications of Pneumococcal disease

Each year in the United States, pneumococcal disease kills thousands of adults, including 18,000 adults 65 years or older. Thousands more end up in the hospital because of pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal disease can cause severe infections of the lungs ...3

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Causes of Pneumococcal disease

INFECTIOUS AGENT: The gram-positive coccus Streptococcus pneumoniae. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20164 ...

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Causes List for Pneumococcal disease

Some possible causes of Pneumococcal disease or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Pneumococcal disease

The major clinical syndromes of pneumococcal disease are pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis. ...Source: CDC6 ...

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Diagnosis of Pneumococcal disease

DIAGNOSIS: Isolation from blood or cerebrospinal fluid, but most patients do not have detectable bacteremia. Pneumococcal urine antigen test may be useful but is not routinely recommended for diagnosis, as per the Infectious Diseases Society of America and American Thoracic ...7

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Risk Factors for Pneumococcal disease

Anyone can get pneumococcal disease, but some people are at greater risk for disease than others. ...Source: CDC8 ...

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Treatments: Pneumococcal disease

TREATMENT: Therapy depends on the syndrome, but patients who present with community-acquired pneumonia should be empirically treated for pneumococcal infection. Many strains are resistant to penicillin, cephalosporins, and macrolides. In the United States and other countries where ?-lactam resistance ...9

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Prevention of Pneumococcal disease

PREVENTION: The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) is recommended for all children aged <5 years and children aged <72 months with chronic medical conditions; the vaccine is also recommended for children aged <18 years with immunocompromising conditions. A 23 ...10

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Names and Terminology

Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria, or pneumococcus ...Source: CDC11 ...

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  1. Source: CDC: pneumococcal/ index.html
  2. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ pneumococcal-disease
  3. Source: CDC Features: Features/ adult-pneumococcal/ index.html
  4. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ pneumococcal-disease
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: CDC: pneumococcal/ clinicians/ clinical-features.html
  7. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ pneumococcal-disease
  8. Source: CDC: pneumococcal/ index.html
  9. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ pneumococcal-disease
  10. ibid.
  11. Source: CDC: pneumococcal/ about/ infection-types.html

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