Respiratory infection

Respiratory infection is a leading cause of seeking medical care in returning travelers. Respiratory infections occur in up to 20% of all travelers, which is almost as common as travelersí diarrhea. Upper respiratory infection is more common than lower respiratory ...1

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Symptoms of Respiratory infection

CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Most respiratory tract infections, especially those of the upper respiratory tract, are mild and not incapacitating. Upper respiratory tract infections often cause rhinorrhea or pharyngitis. Lower respiratory tract infections, particularly pneumonia, can be more severe. Lower respiratory tract infections ...2

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Causes of Respiratory infection

In general, the types of respiratory infections that affect travelers are similar to those in nontravelers, and exotic causes are rare. Clinicians must inquire about history of travel when evaluating a patient for respiratory infections. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016 ...3

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Causes List for Respiratory infection

Some possible causes of Respiratory infection or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Respiratory infection

Respiratory diseases, including influenza, S. pneumoniae infection, H. influenzae type B infection (in young children), pertussis, diphtheria, varicella, and measles. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20165 ...

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Diagnosis of Respiratory infection

DIAGNOSIS: Identifying a specific etiologic agent, especially in the absence of pneumonia or serious disease, is not always clinically necessary. If indicated, the following methods of diagnosis can be used:

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Risk Factors for Respiratory infection

RISK FOR TRAVELERS: Travelers to tropical zones are at risk all year. Exposure to an infected person from another hemisphere, such as on a cruise ship or package tour, can lead to an outbreak of influenza at any time or ...6

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Treatments: Respiratory infection

TREATMENT: Affected travelers are usually managed similarly to nontravelers, although travelers with progressive or severe illness should be evaluated for illnesses specific to their travel destinations and exposure history. Most respiratory infections are due to viruses, are mild, and do ...7

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Prevention of Respiratory infection

PREVENTION: Vaccines are available to prevent a number of respiratory diseases, including influenza, S. pneumoniae infection, H. influenzae type B infection (in young children), pertussis, diphtheria, varicella, and measles. Unless contraindicated, travelers should be vaccinated against influenza and be up ...8

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References

  1. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ the-pre-travel-consultation/ respiratory-infections
  2. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ the-pre-travel-consultation/ respiratory-infections
  3. ibid.
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ the-pre-travel-consultation/ respiratory-infections
  6. ibid.
  7. ibid.
  8. ibid.

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