Differential Diagnosis of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Differential Diagnosis for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Pulmonary embolism: Pulmonary embolism should be considered in the differential diagnosis of travelers who present with dyspnea, cough, or pleurisy and fever, especially those who have recently been on long car or plane rides.

Source: CDC Yellow Book 20161

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Back to: « Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

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Lower respiratory tract infections: Lower respiratory tract infections

Common lower RTIs include:

  • flu - which can affect either the upper or lower respiratory tract
  • bronchitis - infection of the airways
  • pneumonia - infection of the lungs
  • bronchiolitis - an infection of the small airways that affects babies and children aged under two
  • tuberculosis - persistent bacterial infection of the lungs

Source: NHS Choices UK2

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  1. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ the-pre-travel-consultation/ respiratory-infections
  2. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ Respiratory-tract-infection/ 

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.