Upper Respiratory Tract Infections: Overview

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI) is a general name for the many different types of common respiratory infections. Examples include common cold, flu, pharyngitis, croup, etc. The acronym URTI is often pronounced as “erty” by doctors and medical professionals. Symptoms are usually the very familiar symptoms of the common cold: cough, fever, runny nose, watery eyes, and similar symptoms. As with the common cold, the complications of most types of URTI include middle ear infection, pneumonia, and bronchitis.

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Respiratory viruses can infect any age group. Severe complications are often restricted to children and the elderly. These viruses are most commonly transmitted by airborne droplets or nasal secretions and can lead to a wide spectrum of illness. In the UK many of these viruses are seasonal in their activity and tend to circulate at higher levels during the winter months.

Source: GOV.UK1

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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections: An infectious process affecting the upper respiratory tract (nose, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, larynx, or trachea). Symptoms include congestion, sneezing, coughing, fever, and sore throat.2

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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections: An infection adverse event is a respiratory system adverse event that results in illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx3

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References

  1. Source: GOV.UK: gov.uk/ guidance/ respiratory-viruses
  2. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  3. Source: OAE Ontology

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.