Dystonia

Dystonia is an abnormality of muscle tone usually from muscle spasm. Dystonia refers to muscles having excessive tone or “too much strength” (from a muscle spasm), rather than “low muscle tone” or “weak muscles” (hypotonia). Dystonia is also slightly different from “hypertonia” or “spasticity”. Most people are familiar with a ...

... More on Dystonia »

   •   •   •

The dystonias are movement disorders in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. The movements, which are involuntary and sometimes painful, may affect a single muscle; a group of muscles such as those in the arms, legs, or neck; or the entire body. Early symptoms ...1

... More on Dystonia »

Causes

Causes of dystonia or very similar symptoms (such as chorea) include:

... More Causes of Dystonia »

Causes of Dystonia

About half the cases of dystonia have no connection to disease or injury and are called primary or idiopathic dystonia. Of the primary dystonias, many cases appear to be inherited. Dystonias can also be symptoms of other diseases, some of ...2

... More Causes of Dystonia »

Diagnosis of Dystonia

Diagnosing dystonia Dystonia is diagnosed by a specialist examining and recognising the typical symptoms. The type of dystonia is then classified by which area of the body is affected. When diagnosing dystonia, it's important to confirm whether you have primary ...3

... Diagnosis of Dystonia »

Causes List for Dystonia

Possible causes of Dystonia (or similar symptoms) may include:4

... Causes List for Dystonia »

Clinical Features of Dystonia

The dystonias are movement disorders in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. The movements, which are involuntary and sometimes painful, may affect a single muscle; a group of muscles such as those in the ...5

... Clinical Features of Dystonia »

Treatments for Dystonia

Is there any treatment? No one treatment has been found to be universally effective. Instead, doctors use a variety of therapies (medications, surgery, and other treatments such as physical therapy, splinting, stress management, and biofeedback) aimed at reducing or eliminating ...6

... Treatment for Dystonia »

   •   •   •

References

  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ dystonias/ dystonias.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ Dystonia/ 
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ dystonias/ dystonias.htm
  6. ibid.

   •   •   •

Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.