Seizures can range from small local muscle movements to full body seizures. Although epilepsy is the best-known cause, there are numerous other possible causes of seizures. Febrile convulsions are a common type that arises with high fever. Small seizures may be tics, twitches, and muscle spasms, which all have ...

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Seizure: Spontaneous firing in the brain to cause detectable change in the body. Seizures can be convulsive (such as grand mal) or non-convulsive (such as absence). ...Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH)1 ...

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Simple Causes: There are some simple conditions that can cause seizures or seizure-like movements:

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Causes of Seizures

When are seizures not epilepsy? While any seizure is cause for concern, having a seizure does not by itself mean a person has epilepsy. First seizures, febrile seizures, nonepileptic events, and eclampsia (a life-threatening condition that can occur in ...2

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Differential Diagnosis of Seizures

Paroxysmal dystonia: The symptoms of paroxysmal dystonia can be similar to the symptoms of an epileptic fit. However, during an attack, only your muscles will be affected. Unlike epilepsy, you won't lose consciousness and you'll remain fully aware of ...3

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Causes List for Seizures

Possible causes of Seizures (or similar symptoms) may include:4

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Similar Symptoms

Is it a seizure? A spasm? Tic? Twitch? It is important to correctly identify the exact symptom. Consider if any of these symptoms are a better description than a seizure:

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Treatments for Seizures

Many people with a first seizure will never have a second seizure, and physicians often counsel against starting antiseizure drugs at this point. In some cases where additional epilepsy risk factors are present, drug treatment after the first seizure may ...5

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  1. Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH): cms/ bvmc/ Learn-More/ Glossary
  2. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ epilepsy/ detail_epilepsy.htm
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ dystonia/ symptoms/ 
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ epilepsy/ detail_epilepsy.htm

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.